Grapevine fanleaf virus symptoms — stunted, zig-zag shoot with fan-shaped leaves. Photo courtesy of William M. Brown Jr. Grapevine fanleaf degeneration disease has two distinct syndromes, or sets of symptoms, depending on the virus strain and host response to infection. In the first syndrome, infectious malformations, the vines may be stunted or show reduced vigor. Leaves are severely distorted, asymmetrical, cupped and puckered, and exhibit acute dentations.
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Image by William M. Brown Jr. If you suspect fanleaf degeneration of grapes in your vineyard or garden, read on for more valuable information. Grapevine Fanleaf Degeneration Grapevine fanleaf degeneration is a common grape virus transmitted by dagger nematodes. Not only is it one of the most severe viral diseases of grapes, but the oldest known, with descriptions going back to Any species of grape can be infected, but Vitis vinifera, Vitis rupestris and their hybrids are the most susceptible.
You should be on the watch for this disease anywhere grapes grow, especially in states with known infections like California, Washington, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York and Missouri. Infected plants often show a slow decline and difficulty setting fruit, but nearly always bear a distinctive leaf deformity.
Affected leaves exhibit a fanlike shape due to abnormalities in vein formation, and yellow coloration either in a mosaic pattern or in bands along major veins.
This yellow coloration generally appears in summer. In the future, you can avoid this disease by planting certified disease-free grapevines that have nematode resistant rootstocks in new soil far away from the location of your infected grapes. Although widespread establishment of the virus is uncommon in the home garden, the better your sanitation and management, the less likely that grapevine fanleaf virus will become a household problem. True resistance to the virus is not yet available in the breeding of grapes, so a combination approach to grape fanleaf virus control is your best bet if you hope to grow grapes successfully in your home garden.
Always keep your tools sterilized and plant clean, resistant stock. Also, watch for signs of disease and remove any suspect plants immediately for best results.
Grapevine Fanleaf Degeneration – Controlling Grapevine Fanleaf Virus
It infects grapevines , causing chlorosis of the leaves and lowering the fruit quality. It is transmitted via a nematode vector, Xiphinema index. This includes V. The canes may also show signs of abnormal branching, double nodding, and short internodes. Affected vines can also show signs of yellow mosaic which may affect all parts of the vine. The berries of the plant have a reduced yield and are smaller. They also have irregular ripening times.
Grapevine fanleaf virus
Grapevine Fanleaf Degeneration Disease
EPPO Global Database