Witchcraft to the Azande is a physical substance that is found in the stomachs of witches page 2. Witches do not show any external signs that they are indeed witches. More than simply being a physical trait, witchcraft is inherited page 2. The witchcraft a witch possess grows as the individual grows page 7 , that is to say the son of a male witch, whilst containing this witchcraft substance, will not contain enough to be of threat to an adult. It is only when they get older, and when the witchcraft substance they contain begins to grow that they can become a possible threat to other adults. It is important to note that to the Azande a witch is an unremarkable agent.
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If a witch is male, then his child must be male in order to inherit witchcraft; likewise, if a witch is female, then her child must be female for witchcraft to be passed on to her child. Witchcraft can also use nature to cause injury or even death if the witch allows it. It can manipulate an animal such as a buffalo to kill someone or cause a structure such as a storage house to collapse on top of someone.
It does not cause people to make mistakes in activities such as farming, hunting, or making crafts. Witchcraft also does not influence anyone to commit any moral crimes such as lying, cheating, or deceiving someone.
Killing a person is a slow process, for the witch may have to perform witchcraft several times on the person to actually accomplish it. Witches perform their witchcraft through physical acts. Witches are very different than sorcerers who use who can make people ill by performing magic through the use of bad medicines.
If someone believes witchcraft is being used to cause misfortune upon one of their relatives, they may seek the wisdom of the oracles to see if that is the case.
Different methods are used by oracles to determine whether someone is using witchcraft to bring disaster upon an individual. In pre-European times the Zande chiefs consulted the oracles about different types of military decisions that they needed to make. The Azande use three different types of oracles. The decisions of the oracle are always accepted and no one questions it.
This ritual that goes along with the use of the oracle utilizes a chicken and that is administered a special poison and then asked questions to. The answer to the question lies in the fate of the chicken whether it dies or lives after it is administered the poison for a set amount of time.
There are specific situations where a second fowl is fed the same poison to confirm the results of the first test. In order for the first test to be accepted as solid evidence, the results of the second test must be opposite of the first.
He asks this question to the benge oracle and then feed the poison to the chicken if it dies then the witch he asked the question about is guilty. The chicken in this case died and he then asked another chicken if he should divorce the second wife since she is the one causing the illness. But the oracle decides that would be pointless and that the other wife must spit water sincerely in order to purify herself so that the first wife gets well again.
This can be seen in the ethnographic video Witchcraft Among the Azande when they have a case of adultery in the village. This will then be taken to the court and shown to the judge to prove that the two had lied and were actually a part of adultery. The termite oracle is more readily available to all. Women, men, and children are all allowed to consult this oracle.
One branch is called the dakpa, another kpoyo. The oracle takes these branches and sticks them into a termite mound and waits overnight to see which branch the termites eat, which dictates the answer. The termite oracle is not as popular as the poison oracle, because it is more time-consuming. Ethnologue: Languages of the World 21th ed.
Retrieved April 9,
Evans-Pritchard: Witchcraft, Oracles & Magic Among The Azande Summary
Shelves: read-anthropology-history-pol-econ , reviews-culture Wow, what an amazing book. The subtitle of that book is A description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a Nilotic people. And yet in Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic among the Azande, E-P says next to nothing about Zande modes of livelihood or political institutions. It almost seems as though the two books had distinct authors. On the one hand, The Nuer is about food and ecology, Wow, what an amazing book. On the one hand, The Nuer is about food and ecology, kinship and politics, and a subsistence economy. And The Nuer is about cows, the most significant possession for the men of this tribe.
Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande Summary
This lesson presents a summary of E. The study examines the impact of witchcraft in a Sudanese community. Overview Witchcraft Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande is an ethnographic study the study and systematic recording of human cultures conducted by British anthropologist E. The study was originally published in
Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande
The study examines the impact of witchcraft in a Sudanese community. Overview Witchcraft Oracles, and Magic Among the Azande is an ethnographic study the study and systematic recording of human cultures conducted by British anthropologist E. The study was originally published in In , an abridged form of the study was published under the same name. Evans-Pritchard explores the importance of witchcraft to the Azande community in Sudan, Africa. The book has four sections: witchcraft, witch-doctors, oracles, and magic. Witchcraft The first section defines witchcraft, which Evans-Pritchard argues is the foundation for all other beliefs within the Azande community.